The guinea pig is not universally sacred, but it is certainly held as very important for certain Indigenous communities. Guinea pigs are used in special celebrations and festivals. The majority are now bred in pens outside, but in the past, lived inside a family’s home.

The guinea pig is most used during a family or community celebrations, such as weddings, baptisms, Inti Raymi (Summer Solstice) or any other special event deemed important by the community.